A goitre is a condition in which the thyroid gland increases in size, to the point where it makes an abnormal lump at the front of the neck. A goitre may, sometimes, affect the way the thyroid functions. The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck just below the Adam’s apple that secretes thyroid hormones (T4 and T3), which helps regulate the body's metabolism, heart rate, respiration, digestion, mood, and others. There are various causes of goitre and treatment depending on the cause.
While goitres are usually painless, a large goitre, however, can cause a cough and may cause difficulties in swallowing or breathing. A goitre can be experienced by anyone but is more common in women. The size of a goitre can vary from person to person and in most cases, the swelling is small and does not cause any signs or symptoms.
In more severe cases, symptoms may include:
- Difficulty swallowing
- Difficulty breathing
- A tight feeling in your throat
- Get thyroid check-up
- Get medical treatments
- Manage your thyroid hormones
Increase or decrease your iodine intake depending on the type of goitre