Weight gain can be defined as an increase in body weight due to an increase in fat deposits, muscle mass, fluids and water. An overall increase in body weight and adipose tissues leads to being overweight or obese which is considered unhealthy.
Weight gain may be due to over consumption of food, a sedentary lifestyle or any pathological condition such as hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome etc. Genetics, certain allopathic medications and even high stress may cause excess weight. But excess food consumption and an inactive lifestyle are the two major causes of weight gain in people. Excess weight in relation to bone and muscle mass can easily be checked through a BMI or Body Mass Index test. BMI below 18.5 means underweight, between 18.5- 24.9 is healthy, over 25- 29.9 is overweight and 30 or higher is obese.
Excess weight gain may cause serious health conditions like Type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, increased risk of stroke, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, pulmonary disorders, abnormalities, fatty liver, osteoarthritis, gout, etc. It is also linked with sluggish metabolism, which tends to slow down with the age. Slow metabolism may add up additional adipose tissues in the body frame causing further weight gain. However, certain measures should be taken to avoid weight gain, such as, giving up a sedentary lifestyle or avoid fried food and sugar etc.
- Eat nutrient rich, balanced food
- Be physically active and exercise on a regular basis
- Eat slowly for proper digestion
- Consult a dietician or a nutritionist if you fall in the category of obesity
- Reduce stress and regulate your sleep cycle
- Don’t skip breakfast
- Don’t starve to lose weight
- Stay away from processed and fried food
- Avoid alcohol as it is harmful for your health and is calorie dense
- Consume excess of allopathic medicines as they cause weight gain